Wine Portfolio
 
Organic and Biodynamic Wine

Organic Wine
Organic based farming and viniculture support the maintenance of the environment and believe that it is important to refrain from exposing the human bodies to chemicals. Organic viniculture allows nature to unaffectedly produce and protect its berries without introducing any foreign substance to boost or protect its growth. Instead of exposing the vines to chemicals, to supply plants with nutrients and to protect them from insects and other pests, organic farming promotes the use of crop rotation, crop residues, animal manures, and mechanical cultivation. Organic farming excludes or heavily limits the usage of fertilizers, pesticides, herbicides, insecticides, fungicides, plant growth regulators, antibiotics, genetically modified organisms, and food additives.

There are many different qualifications of regulations that deem a wine as organic:

100% organic
- Wines that are produced from grapes that are 100% organically grown and have no sulfur dioxide added

Organic
- When wines are produced with at least 95% organically grown grapes and have a very low level of sulfur dioxide added to them, they may be labeled ‘Organic’

Made with Organic Grapes
- With a minimum of 70% organically grown grapes and have sulfur dioxide added to them may be labeled as “Made with Organic Grapes”.

For a long time organic wines held the reputation of being of lower quality. This caused a number of higher-end wine producers to avoid labeling their wines as organic.



Biodynamic Viticulture
Biodynamic viticulture is a form of organic farming which is based on the work of Austrian Philosopher Rudolph Steiner (1924) who postulated that “ A farm, or vineyard is seen as a living system whose functioning in terms of ‘formative forces’” and that “ if something is wrong, it is because the forces are out of balance. “ Biodynamic viticulture is a holistic based approach, using the understanding of ecology and the forces and rhythms of nature, in a self-sustaining farming system.

There are two main factors which differentiates biodynamic farming for organic farming:

• The timing of all the operations on the land in biodynamic farming, is regulated by the movements of the spheres • Biodynamic farming uses a system of composting techniques and herbal sprays, known as preparations.

There are 9 biodynamic preparations that are used for the purpose of improving the soil quality and stimulating the growth of the crops. These preparations heavily take into account timing, seasons, and the movement of the spheres. The first three preparations are used as sprays while the last six are used as solid compost:

Preparations:

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- Cow manure is stuffed into a cow horn and buried for the winter. At winter’s end it is dug up, mixed with water and sprayed on the soil in the afternoons. This process supposedly encourages the expansions and levity of the earth. It assists microorganism growth in the soil, and root growth of the vine.

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- In the summertime, a cow’s horn is stuffed with ground quarts and buried in the soil. 6 months later, this ‘horn silica’ is dug up, mixed with water and sprayed on the vines in the afternoon to regulate and stimulate vine growth

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- Yarrow flowers are buried and fermented in a deer bladder, hung in the summer sun, buried in the winter, and then dug up the following summer to be used as compost. This preparation enhances the vine’s ability to absorb potassium while aiding in the formation of plant protein.

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- Chamomile flowers are buried in a cow’s intestine, hung in the summer sun, buried in the winter, and then dug up and used as compost the following summer. This preparation is meant to support the plant’s health and promote its growth.

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- Stinging nettles are buried in the summer, and dug up and used as compost the following fall. This process supposedly enhances the vine’s ability to absorb iron.

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- Oak bark is sheathed in the skull of a farm animal and buried in a watery environment for the winter. Dug up and used as compost, this preparation helps in disease prevention.

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- Dandelions are buried after being sheathed in a cow’s peritoneum (the lining of the abdominal cavity). Hung in the summer, buried in the winter, and finally re-dug up in the springtime, this is used as a compost to support the plant’s ability to absorb silica.

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- The juice from the Valerian flower is sprayed over the crop or used as compost. This provides the soil with a protective skin.

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- Horsetail (equisetum arvense) is made as a tea and sprayed on the vines, or fermented into liquid manure and added to the soil. This process prevents the spread of fungal imbalances.

Now I hope I haven’t turned you off of drinking biodynamic wine. I guess a choice has to be made, natural cow innards or a few chemicals…

 
 
Contents
Appellation d’Origine Controlée
Wine Through The Times
Wine Trivia 7
Fast Wine Facts 3
Grape Harvest
Oh the Horror! Red Wine Stains.
Wine Trivia 6
Grape Growing Problems
Fast Wine Facts 2
Ice Wine
Fast Wine Facts
How Many Grapes
Wine Aromas
Kosher Wine
Wine Trivia 5
When To Send Wine Back
Sherry
Wine Trivia 4
Prohibition
Great French Wine Blight
Port Wines
Wine Trivia 3
Wine Trivia 2
Wine Trivia
Oak Barrels
Sweetness
Sparkling Wine and Champagne
Organic and Biodynamic Wine
Aging Wine
Wine Varietals
Wine Labels
New World Vs Old World Wines
How Terroir Effects Wine
Clarifying Wine with Egg Whites
Tips On Preserving Open Wine
Why Red Wine Makes Me...
The Biology of Tasting Wine
Choosing the Perfect Glassware
Corks vs Plastic Corks
Wine Laws and AVAs in the USA
Tasting Wine
Wine and Food Matching
Buying Wine
Storing and Serving Wine